Who is Goddess Kalaratri?
Goddess Kalaratri is Maa Durga’s seventh Shakti. Goddess Kalratri is honored during the pooja on the seventh day of Navratri. The most violent version of Durga is this one. The strongest manifestation of Durga is known as Kalaratri, and looking at her instills dread. All things evil is said to be destroyed by the Goddess. The term “the Death of Kaal” is referred to as Kalaratri. Kaal is used here to mean death. The person who eliminates ignorance and darkness is Kalaratri. This shape demonstrates a darker side to life; the furious Mother Nature can wreak havoc and wash away all dirt. Another name for the Goddess is Shubhankari.
The Goddess is portrayed as having four hands and a black complexion that stands for the night’s darkness. The right two hands make the mudras of “giving” and “protecting,” while the left two carry a cleaver and a torch. The Goddess has three eyes that release lightning-like rays. She rides a donkey, and flames shoot out of her nostrils when she breathes in or out.
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History and origin of Goddess Kalaratri
A long time ago, two evil demons named Shumbha and Nishumbha existed. The God of Heaven, Indra Deva, slaughtered their brother Namuchi. This news devastated them, and they decided to exact revenge on the Gods. They soon launched a ferocious assault on the Gods and successfully took them out. They were helped in their assault by Chandha, Mundha, and Raktabeej. Before Maa Katyayani killed the demon Mahishasura, these three were his longtime buddies. They all started to govern the three worlds together.
Indra traveled to the Himalayas with the other Gods to offer prayers to Parvati. She recognized their anxieties and made Chandi, another goddess, allay them. Goddess Chandi slew most of the demons summoned by Shumbha and Nishumbha. She could not exterminate demons like Chandha, Mundha, and Raktabeej because they were too strong. As a result, Deity Chandi fashioned Kaalratri or Kaali from her forehead to create another goddess. Chandha and Mundha were defeated by Maa Kaalratri, who also killed them. As a result, she is also called Chamunda. Goddess Chandi and Goddess Kaalratri then engaged in combat with the formidable demon Raktabeej.
According to a specific blessing bestowed upon Raktabeej by Lord Bramha, if a drop of his blood fell to the ground, it is assumed that another replica would be made of him. Raktabeej’s clones were being made as Maa Kaalratri battled and hurt him. Maa Kaalratri became extremely enraged upon seeing this and began consuming the blood of each Raktabeej clone. Because of this, his blood didn’t spill to the ground, and Maa Kaalratri eventually killed him. She later murdered Shumbha and Nishumbha, restoring harmony to the three worlds.
What is the significance of Maa Kalaratri ?
In the Ratri Suktam of the Rig Veda, the sage Kushika invokes Ratri (night) as an all-powerful goddess after becoming aware of the darkness’s engulfing power during meditation. As a result, sages invoked the darkness after sunset to release mortals from their worries and ties to the land. The Goddess, who grants the aspirants’ wishes, governs each stage of the night.
The goddess Durga, who appears in the Atharva Veda, was later linked to Ratridevi (also known as “Goddess Ratri” or “Goddess of the Night”). The color black relates to the darkness that predated creation.
By performing Durga Puja in honor of Goddess Kaalratri, the devotee receives the devouring quality of time and the all-consuming essence. It further empowers the devotee to get past all challenges in the way of accomplishment.
- Prayers to Goddess Kalaratri follow the same format as those to her other manifestations, except for some modifications.
- Because she is the Goddess of the dark, it is recommended to worship her at night.
- The Goddess will accept any flower, but night-blooming jasmines would properly represent her time. She enjoys red Champa (frangipani) flowers as well.
- Even though the Goddess has dark skin and wears a crimson robe, the appropriate color to wear when honoring her is white to symbolize how she battles for harmony and right. Since royal blue is the night sky color, it is also a lucky color for her.
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“एकवेणी जपाकर्णपूरा नग्ना खरास्थिता।
लम्बोष्ठी कर्णिकाकर्णी तैलाभ्यक्तशरीरिणी॥
वर्धन्मूर्धध्वजा कृष्णा कालरात्रिर्भयंकरी॥“